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Ankle Sprains Overview and Treatment

Ankle Sprain Overview


There are two primary types of ankle sprains and one that is less common.


Inversion ankle sprains- This is the most common and occurs when the bottom of the foot rolls inward and commonly damages the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL). This is your typical ankle sprain with pain presenting on the outside of your ankle.


High ankle sprains- These are less common but result from a sprain of the tibial-fibular syndesmosis. High ankle sprains can be severe and present with pain that can travel up the leg from the ankle.


Eversion ankle sprains- These take place when the bottom of the foot rolls outward and damages the deltoid ligament. This sprain is much less common than inversion ankle sprains and presents with pain on the inside of the ankle.


Ankles are commonly sprained during sports with high velocity cutting, like basketball, football, and soccer. When the ankle lacks stability, the force from high velocity movements can result in sprains.


There are 3 grades of ankle sprains.


Grade 1: Stretching or mild tearing of the ligament resulting in some swelling and discomfort. Walking is mildly painful.


Grade 2: Partial tearing of the ligament resulting in moderate levels of swelling and pain. Walking is very painful.


Grade 3: Full tearing of the ligament resulting in significant swelling and pain. Weight bearing is not possible due to pain and instability.


Ankle Sprain Treatment


Initial care begins with decreasing the initial swelling of the injury. As swelling goes down, many conservative techniques can be used to promote blood flow and healing to the area.


The primary goal with an ankle sprain is to accelerate the healing of the damaged ligament by deloading the injury.


Like all care performed at Array Strength, we focus on patient-specific weaknesses. When a patient presents with a sprain, our first goal is to decrease swelling and reduce pain. Our second and primary goal is to strengthen patient-specific weaknesses to promote healthy ankle mechanics throughout movement. As the ankle becomes strengthened and muscular stability is improved, weight bearing activity is restored.


We also recommend the use of 2 specific supplements during the healing process.


1. Magnesium Glycinate- Metagenics


Injuries can result in compensation pain from muscular tightness. When an injury takes place, certain muscles will tighten to protect the injured joint/area. This can cause discomfort. For this reason we recommend supplementing Magnesium Glycinate.


Magnesium is a crucial mineral that promotes muscular relaxation and recovery. Supplementation will help support the healing process.


2. Amino Acids- Perfect Amino


Amino acids are the building blocks of the body. When tissue becomes damaged, the body recruits amino acids to rebuild and recover. For this reason, we recommend a supplement called Perfect Amino.


Perfect Amino is a complex of essential amino acids. The supplementation ensures that the body has what it needs to rebuild the damaged area. A lack of amino acids would be similar to having a lack of lumber to build a house. The tissue damage simply creates a requirement for more materials.


We recommend taking these supplements during the treatment process. For dosages please contact us at healthteam@arraystrength.com.


Treatment Length


Treatment length is all dictated by the severity of the sprain. For more information on how long it may take to fully recover and clearance to return to your sport/activity, please contact us to set up an initial examination. You can schedule an appointment at arraystrength.com, or by calling (850)546-4640.


For more information, or questions, please contact us at healthteam@arraystrength.com.


Check us out on Facebook on the Dr. Corvino page, or on Instagram @arraystrengthrehab. To learn more about what patients are saying, check us out on Google under Array Strength Rehab & Performance.


We look forward to hearing from you soon!


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